The introduction of computers in India has made India one of the front runners in the fields of Information Technology. Rapid strides in the field of software development and IT has enabled services in defence, space research, telecommunication and many other areas.
IT has an enormous influence on todays global economy. After the great Industrial Revolution of Europe, it is IT revolution that has swept the world. IT has significant applications in the fields of macro economic planning, public administration decision making, education, health care, energy conservation, environmental management etc.
Commerce and industry also are IT enabled processes and office automation systems to a great extent. Industrial applications of IT range from product designing / product processing and inventory management to distribution systems. IT applications in commerce include e-banking, credit cards, stock exchanges gaining global information, expert management, etc. IT has permeated almost every sphere of human endeavour. It is widely recognised that 21st century belongs to information technology and life science. India’s strength in IT is a leverage for entering in field of bio-technology.
The Internet is now emerging as the principal medium of communicaiton for every country. The Department of Information Technology has formulated two specific programmes namely Vidya Vahini and Gyan Vahini to provide connectivity to schools across the country. High performance computing development today continue to be driven by the demanding engineering and scientific applicaion. These have emerged as a domain leading to new scientific innovations. E-covernance enables the use of IT and communication technologies to improve efficiency, convenience, accessibility and transparency in government. Various IT activities such as development of software applicaion packages creation of e-governance infrastructure, national ID, citizen data-bases, credit card and digital educational content in e-governance domain are being taken up at present.
The cost of providing of connectivity hardware, replacement of analog, telephone lines with digital lines and training of huge manpower are going to be very high in the initial years. It is not the huge funds required to be invested in this field but the willingness to do so that would influence the future spread of IT in India.
Computer is the heart of it sector, and IT sector is one of the best economical source for our country. IT sector not only provide a base for financial sector, it also improved the indians technically in almost every aspects of the business field. IT has an emerging growth in the field of technology in all over the world. Now a days we have combined IT with business field and using it in banking sectors and in government sectors also.
IT field is continousely varying as usr requirments are changing every day, they always expects something new which is not yet available thus leading to development of a new product or a new technology. Now a days without IT we cannot develop not even a single product. IT sector has made us both economically and technically sound thus improves our way of living as well as cost of living,and improves our mental ability
Information Technology, in many interconnected form is transforming news gathering and transmission in the premier news agency of the country. Thus Information Technology and computers find applications in almost all sectors of our life including business and social sectors and have played a key role in economic progress of the country.
Importance of It in almost every walk of life has been clearly demonstrated and the usage of computers is an effective indicator of the diffusion IT in various sectors of economy. The computer industry has shown an impressive growth during the last 5 years of 8th plan.